The Top 50 Cryptids From
Around The World
Cryptids are the yet-to-be discovered animals or
recovered supposedly extinct zoological species that
are being sought by cryptozoologists, zoologists,
anthropologists, and other researchers through
fieldwork in the wild, reexaminations of specimens
in zoological collections, and searches of archival
materials. For me, it all started with the
Abominable Snowman (see Yeti) in 1960, moved quickly
to an awareness of a world filled with cryptids.
Here's my list of the
top fifty cryptids actively being investigated
and pursued today.
Giant unknown bats are reported to reside in a region of western
Java, plus similar reports under different names from Vietnam
and the Philippines; possibly known as Orang-bati in Seram,
Huge hairy Neanderthaloid or Homo erectus-like hominids sighted
in various parts of Euroasia.
The Agogwe are little, human-like, hairy, bipeds reported
consistently from the forests of Eastern Africa.
- Andean Wolf
These unrecognized mountain dogs are seen in South America.
These unconfirmed flying snakes are located in the Arabian Sea
Reportedly strong, muscular, and hairy humanoids reported from
the Shishi-kuh valley in Pakistan.
- Beast of Bodmin (or Bodmin Moor)
Locally named mystery felids found in the United Kingdom.
- Bergman's Bear
Possible unknown species of giant bear once roamed Eastern Asia,
and still may.
- Bili Ape
Giant chimpanzees appear to live in remote east Africa, where
much evidence points to their existence, including photos,
footprints and ground nests.
Six species from New Guinea and surrounding islands, and a
distinctive Long-Tailed Black Bird-of-Paradise from Goodenough
Island are of interest to cryptozoology.
- Black Panthers and Maned Mystery Cats
Sighting of large Black Panthers and seemingly "African Lions"
with manes in the Midwest USA have law enforcement officials on
- Blue Mountain panthers
These unknown cats reportedly live in the Blue Mountains of the
east coast of Australia in the state of New South Wales.
- Blue Tiger
These mystery felids are spotted in the Fujian Province, China,
and are also filed under the name Black Tiger.
Sea monsters of the North Pacific Ocean are frequently reported
off Monterey Bay since the 1940s, and have been given this local
- Buffalo Lion
East African maneless lions are said to be man-eaters, and may
reflect some new genetic alignments, akin to the King Cheetah
discoveries among cheetahs.
Fifteen foot long bluish black giant lizards were seen often in
the swamps, lakes and foothills of the Himalayas, up through the
1940s, although they may be extinct now.
These unknown Sea Serpents living off the coast of British
Columbia are a popular figure in Canadian cryptozoology.
Giant prehistoric-looking creatures lurk in Lake Champlain, a
109 mile lake that borders New York, Vermont, and Ontario.
Also called "Goatsuckers," these bizarre Caribbean and South
American cryptids are five feet tall biped creatures with short grey hair that have spiked hair and reported drain the blood
through throat punctures of the livestock they kill.
- Ebu Gogo
Three feet tall, hairy little people with pot bellies and long
arms sighted on the island of Flores, Indonesia. Tiny females
are said to have long, pendulous breasts.
- Giant Anaconda
Reports have been made of 100 feet long snakes on the Rio Negro
of the Amazon River basin.
- Giant Octopus
The Blue Holes of Bimini, offer many sightings of these unknown
huge, many-tentacled animals.
- Giant Sloth
Weighing up to 3 tons, these supposedly extinct animals have
been reported in South America in contemporary times.
Strange looking giant creatures (also called blobs) wash up on
the beaches of the world, get the media and scientists excited,
and sometimes turn out to be "unknowns."
- Honey Island Swamp Monster
Reportedly these "Swamp Thing" monsters are seen in the
- Jersey Devil
This regionalized name hides these creatures that have been
haunting the New Jersey Pineland forest for over 260 years.
The natives of the Jiundu region of Northern Rhodesia (now
Zambia) have firsthand encounters with these strange flying
- Lake Storsjon Monster
Lake Seljord in the Telemark region of Norway has its own Lake
Monsters swimming the waters here for centuries.
Are certain African lakes the home to 40 feet long unknown
catfishes or lungfishes?
- Loch Ness Monster
Nessie is the most famous Lake Monster in the world; they are
said to inhabit this loch, an extremely deep Scottish lake.
- MacFarlane's Bear
The carcass is at the Smithsonian, believed to be a possible
hybrid between a grizzly and polar bear. Or an new unknown
The Mngwa are cats described as being as large as donkeys, with
marks like a tabby and living in Africa - but not a known
For over two hundred years there have been reports of living
Sauropods (dinosaur) in the remote Congo area of Africa. They
may being confused with accounts of other local cryptids,
- Mongolian Death Worm
Locals in the Gobi Desert of Mongolia talk of these giant
snakes, worms, or long thin lizards (also called Olgoi-khorkhoi
or Allghoi-khorkhoi) as killing livestock and people with their
A local name for giant owls (also called Bighoot) which has been
sighted for over 100 years in West Virginia-Ohio area, and
elsewhere in North America.
This is Canada's most famous type of water monsters, inhabitants
of Lake Okanagan in the south central interior of British
These reportedly small biped small apes (also called Sedapa)
live in the jungles of Sumatra and Borneo.
- Peruvian Mystery Jaguar
Unknown large cats with white background covered in solid
irregular spots are seen in the rainforests of Peru.
- Skunk Ape
Also known by the label Myakka "Ape" and other local names
(Booger, Swamp Ape), these chimpanzee- or orangutan-like
primates have been sighted throughout central and south Florida.
- Steller's Sea Cow
A once thought extinct species, these totally marine animals,
looking like huge, wrinkled manatees, and are still being seen
by Russian fisherman.
- Tasmanian Tiger or Thylacine
Thought extinct, these wolf-like marsupials are still sighted on
a regular basis in Western Australia, and perhaps New Guinea
Classic small log-shaped reptilian cryptids from the European
Alps are enigmatic animals, but have they gone extinct in
Large condor-like birds, perhaps Teratorns, roam the skies of
North America, along regular migration routes.
Unknown species of snake sighted in the upper elevations of
Korea and Japan.
The South American Bigfoot live mainly in the Andean foothills.
These strange unknown otter-like beasts are seen in New Zealand,
and as yet undiscovered.
This is a specific regional name, from southern China, for small
The Chinese Wildmen are reddish, semi-bipedal, and often
encountered by locals and government officials along rural
Yeti, unknown rock apes, are creatures reported as crossing the
Himalayan plateaus and living in the valley forests. There is
not just "one" Abominable Snowman, and they are no "white."
These tall hairy unknown hominoids are sighted throughout
several remote areas of Australia.
Sources (needless to say, many individual references can be
consulted for information on any of the above cryptids, but the
following titles reflect directly on the background research leading
to why my choices are these. Also, each book contains an extensive
bibliography of further sources):
Bigfoot!: The True Story of Apes in America by Loren
Coleman (NY: Paraview Pocket/Simon and Schuster, 2003)
Cryptozoology A to Z: The Encyclopedia of Loch Monsters,
Sasquatch, Chupacabras, and Other Authentic Mysteries of Nature
by Loren Coleman and Jerome Clark (NY: Simon and Schuster, 1999)
The Field Guide to Bigfoot, Yeti and Other Mystery Primates
Worldwide by Loren Coleman and Patrick Huyghe (NY: Harper
The Field Guide to Lake Monsters, Sea Serpents and Other
Mystery Denizens of the Deep by Loren Coleman and Patrick
Huyghe (NY: Tarcher/Penguin, 2003)
Mothman and Other Curious Encounters by Loren Coleman
(NY: Paraview, 2002)
Mysterious America: The Revised Edition by Loren
Coleman (NY: Paraview, 2001)
Thunderbirds: America's Living Legends of Giant Birds
by Mark A. Hall (NY: Paraview, 2004)
Tom Slick: True Life Encounters in Cryptozoology by Loren
Coleman (Fresno, CA: Craven Street-Linden Press, 2002)
© Loren Coleman 2004